EAST CAICOS is the largest uninhabited island in the Turks and Caicos, and has an area of roughly 32 square miles (83 km²). The island is located between Middle Caicos and South Caicos, and was once the site of guano mining, sisal plantations, and cattle ranches, circa the late 1800s.
Today, East Caicos is valued as a sanctuary for flora and fauna, particularly endemic Turks and Caicos plants. Nearly all endemic local plants, many of which are considered endangered, are extent on the island. Threatened and protected birds that include the piping plover, West Indian whistling duck, and Caribbean flamingo, are known to have a significant presence on the island.
Another area of environmental importance is the island’s Karst cave features, which include the second largest dry cave system and one of the largest blue holes on land in the Turks and Caicos.
The island has largely been uninhabited for the last 100 years, excepting two comparatively short stays in the mid-1900s by settlers seeking to create a new utopia.
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